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TTMIK Level 5 Lesson 18 PDF

Level 5 Lesson 18 - -(으)ㄴ/는지

The verb ending -(으)ㄴ/는지 is basically used with verbs related to knowing, guessing, informing, thinking, etc, for expressing the meaning “whether or not”.

It can also be used with words such as 누구 (who), 어디 (where), 어떻게 (how), 왜 (why), 언제 (where), 뭐 (what) and 얼마나 (how + adverb/adjective) to mark the end of a question inside a compound sentence.

Conjugation:

(1) Action verbs
- Verb stem + -는지

Ex)
먹다 → 먹는지
사다 → 사는지

- When the verb stem ends with ㄹ, you drop the ㄹ and add -는지

Ex)
놀다 → 노는지
풀다 → 푸는지

(2) Descriptive verbs
- Verb stems ending with a vowel + -ㄴ지
(The verb 이다 (to be) is included in this category as well.)

Ex)
크다 → 큰지
예쁘다 → 예쁜지

- Verb stems ending with a consonant + -은지

Ex)
작다 → 작은지
좁다 → 좁은지

Examples
(1)
이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?] (= What is this?)
+ 알아요? [a-ra-yo?] (= Do you know)
→ Do you know what this is? = 이거 뭔지 알아요?

이거 뭐이다 → 이거 뭐이 + -ㄴ지 → 이거 뭐인지 → 이거 뭔지
→ 이거 뭔지 알아요?

(2)
뭐가 좋아요? [mwo-ga jo-a-yo?] (= What is good?)
+ 몰라요. [mol-la-yo.] (= I don’t know.)
→ I don’t know what is good. = 뭐가 좋은지 몰라요.

뭐가 좋다 → 뭐가 좋 + -은지 → 뭐가 좋은지
→ 뭐가 좋은지 몰라요.

(3)
문제가 있다 [mun-je-ga it-da] (= There is a problem.)
+ 물어보세요. [mu-reo-bo-se-yo.] (= Ask.)
→ Ask (them) whether there is a problem. = 문제가 있는지 물어보세요.

문제가 있다 → 문제가 있 + -는지 → 문제가 있는지
→ 문제가 있는지 물어보세요.

Sample Sentences
1. 이 사람 누구인지 아세요?
[i sa-ram nu-gu-in-ji a-se-yo?]
= Do you know who this person is?

2. 이거 괜찮은지 봐 주세요.
[i-geo gwaen-cha-neun-ji bwa ju-se-yo.]
= See if this is okay.

3. 뭐 사고 싶은지 말해 주세요.
[mwo sa-go si-peun-ji mal-hae ju-se-yo.]
= Tell me what you want to buy.

4. 내일 우리 만날 수 있는지 알고 싶어요.
[nae-il man-nal su it-neun-ji al-go si-peo-yo.]
= I want to know whether we can meet tomorrow or not.

5. 제가 왜 걱정하는지 몰라요?
[je-ga wae geok-jeong-ha-neun-ji mol-la-yo?]
= Do you not know why I worry?

Direct download: ttmik-l5l18.pdf
Category:PDF -- posted at: 5:40pm JST