TTMIK Level 5 Lesson 24 - 말고, -지 말고
In Level 2 Lesson 30, we introduced how to use -지 마세요 [-ji ma-se-yo] after verb stems to tell someone NOT to do something. The key verb is 말다 [mal-da], which means to not do something or to drop the intention of doing something.
가지 마세요. [ga-ji ma-se-yo.] = Don’t go.
하지 마세요. [ha-ji ma-se-yo.] = Don’t do it.
방해하지 마세요. [bang-hae-ha-ji ma-se-yo.] = Don’t interrupt me.
In this lesson, we are looking at how to use the verb 말다 in the form “말고” and make expressions such as “Not this one but THAT one.” “Not here but over there.” or “Don’t buy it and use this one.”
When you want to say “not A but B” with nouns, you just need to use 말고 between them.
Ex) A 말고 B
When you want to say “don’t do A but/and do B” with verbs, you need to add -지 after the verb stem, just like you would with sentences ending in -지 마세요.
Ex) [Verb A]-지 말고 [Verb B]
*Note that -고 [-go] is the same ending you see in the word 그리고, meaning “and”.
Examples with nouns
1. 우유 말고 커피 주세요.
[u-yu mal-go ju-seu ju-se-yo.]
= Give me NOT milk BUT coffee.
= Give me coffee, NOT milk.
2. 이거 말고 저거 살게요.
[i-geo mal-go jeo-geo sal-ge-yo.]
= Not this one, but that one over there, I will buy it.
= I will buy that one over there, not this one.
*Here you are using verbs such as “to give” and “to buy”, but when the main verb of the sentence is “to be”, instead of using 말고, you need to use -이/가 아니고, because the opposite of “to be” (-이다) is not 말다 but 아니다.
Examples with verbs
1. 걱정하지 말고 그냥 해 봐요.
[geok-jeong-ha-ji mal-go geu-nyang hae bwa-yo.]
= Don’t worry and just give it a try.
2. 늦지 말고 일찍 오세요.
[neut-ji mal-go il-jjik o-se-yo.]
= Don’t be late and come early.
1. 전화하지 말고 문자 메시지 보내 주세요.
[jeong-hwa-ha-ji mal-go mun-ja me-si-ji bo-nae ju-se-yo.]
= Don’t call me but send me a text message.
2. 저 기다리지 말고 먼저 가도 돼요.
[jeo gi-da-ri-ji mal-go meon-jeo ga-do dwae-yo.]
= Don’t wait for me. You can go first.
= You can go first without waiting for me.
3. 차가운 물에 넣지 말고 뜨거운 물에 넣으세요.
[cha-ga-un mu-re neot-chi mal-go tteu-geo-un mu-re neo-eu-se-yo.]
= Don’t put it in cold water but put it in hot water.
4. 내일은 여기 말고 다른 곳에서 만날 거예요.
[nae-i-reun yeo-gi mal-go da-reun go-se-seo man-nal geo-ye-yo.]
= Tomorrow, we are going to meet NOT here BUT in a different place.
= Tomorrow we are going to meet at a different place instead of here.
5. 지금 사지 말고 조금만 기다리세요.
[ji-geum sa-ji mal-go jo-geum-man gi-da-ri-se-yo.]
= Don’t buy it now and wait just a little while.